POLIT-IC OR POLIT-ICAL? (B1+)

political-blog

Many adjectives end in -ic and -ical. It is not easy to say which form is correct in a particular case.

Some adjectives ending in -ic

Academic, artistic, athletic, catholic, domestic, dramatic, emphatic, energetic, fantastic, linguistic, majestic, neurotic, pathetic, phonetic, public, systematic, tragic

In older English, some of these words ended in -cal. Examples are: majestical, fantastical, tragical

Some adjectives ending in -ical

Biological, chemical, cynical, grammatical, logical, mathematical, mechanical, medical, musical, physical, radical, surgical, tactical, topical

Adjectives with both forms

A few adjectives can have both forms with no significant difference in meaning.

Examples are: algebraic or algebraical arithmetic or arithmetical egoistic or egoistical fanatic or fanatical geometric or geometrical strategic or strategical

Difference of meaning

Some adjectives can have both forms, but there is usually a difference of meaning.

Classic and classical

Classic refers to a famous example of its kind.

A classic French wine A classic event

Classical refers to the best art and literature.

Classical studies Classical music Classical literature

Comic and comical

Comic means artistic comedy. Comical means funny.

Comic verse Comic opera A comical expression

Economic and economical

Economic means the science of economics. It may also refer to the economy of a country. Economical means ‘not wasting money’.

Economic problems An economical car

Electric and electrical

We use electric with the names of particular machines that work by electricity. Examples are: electric heater, electric train, electric blanket, electric oven etc.

Electrical is used before more general words. Examples are: electrical appliances, electrical engineering etc.

Note: We say an electric shock, not an electrical shock

Politic and political

Politic means ‘prudent’. Political means ‘connected with politics’.

It was a very politic decision. (= wise decision) A political party Political career

(FROM http://www.perfectyourenglish.com/vocabulary/words-ending-in-ic-ical.htm)

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Posted on January 25, 2013, in DOCTOR GRAMMAR. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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LEARN NEW WORDS, EXPRESSIONS, PHRASES...

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Practical Discovery of English Pronunciation

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