Monthly Archives: April 2013
OF COURSE, I ABSOLUTELY AGREE THAT WORDS DON´T COME EASY AND LEARNING VOCABULARY IS A REALLY DIFFICULT TASK. SO HAVE A LOOK AT THIS VIDEO I TOOK FROM CRISTINA CABAL´S BLOG WHERE AN EXPERT GIVES YOU SUITABLE AND USEFUL ADVICE ON HOW TO REMEMBER VOCABULARY.
WHAT ARE THE BEST WAYS TO MEMORIZE NEW VOCABULARY?
Listening Task: Listen to the video and write down the four tips the expert gives about the best ways to learn new vocabulary.Play the video and stop when you get to 2.20 . Play it again if necessary. Check your answers ; you’ll find them at the end of the video.
DOES IT RING A BELL?
EXCUSE ME, WHERE´S THE CAFÉ ?
DO YOU KNOW ANY OTHER WAY TO ASK THIS QUESTION?
HOW SUPERSTITIOUS ARE YOU ABOUT FRIDAY 13TH?
DO YOU KNOW ANY OTHER COMMON SUPERSTITIONS?
- Friday the thirteenth is an unlucky day
- A rabbit’s foot brings good luck
- An apple a day keeps the doctor away
- To find a four-leaf clover is to find good luck
- If you walk under a ladder, you will have bad luck
- If a black cat crosses your path you will have bad luck
- To break a mirror will bring you seven years bad luck
- To open an umbrella in the house is to bring bad luck
- To find a horseshoe brings good luck
- Step on a crack, break your mother’s back
- You can break a bad luck spell by turning seven times in a clockwise circle
- Garlic protects from evil spirits and vampires
- Our fate is written in the stars
- At the end of a rainbow is a pot of gold
- Clothes worn inside out will bring good luck
- Wearing your birthstone will bring you good luck
- If you blow out all of the candles on your birthday cake with the first breath you will get whatever you wish for
- To have a wish come true using a wishbone, two people make a wish, then take hold of each end of the bone and pull it until it separates. The person with the longer end gets his or her wish
- An itchy palm means money will come your way
- A beginner will always have good luck: beginner’s luck
- A cat has nine lives
- Eating fish makes you smart
- Toads cause warts
- A cricket in the house brings good luck
- Crossing your fingers helps to avoid bad luck and helps a wish come true
- It is bad luck to sing at the table
- It is bad luck to sleep on a table
- After receiving a container of food, the container should never be returned empty
- A lock of hair from a baby’s first haircut should be kept for good luck
- A bird that comes in your window brings bad luck
- To refuse a kiss under mistletoe causes bad luck
- Goldfish in the pond bring good luck
- Goldfish in the house bring bad luck
- For good luck, wear new clothes on Easter
- An acorn at the window can keep lightning out of the house
- If the bottom of your feet itch, you will make a trip
- When a dog howls, death is near
- It is bad luck to chase someone with a broom
- A sailor wearing an earring cannot drown
- To find a penny heads up, brings good luck
- To cure a sty, rub it with a gold wedding band
- Animals can talk at midnight on Christmas Eve
- A drowned woman floats face up, a drowned man floats face down
- A person cannot drown before going under three times
- To drop a fork means a woman will visit
- To drop a knife means a man will visit
- To drop a spoon means a child will visit
- To drop a dishcloth means bad luck is coming
- If you shiver, someone is casting a shadow on your grave
- To make a happy marriage, the bride must wear: something old, something new, something borrowed, something blue
- The wedding veil protects the bride from the evil eye
- Washing a car will bring rain
- You must get out of bed on the same side you got in on or you will have bad luck
- Evil spirits cannot harm you when you are standing in a circle
- A cat will try to take the breath from a baby
- Warm hands, cold heart
- Cold hands, warm heart
- It is unlucky to rock an empty rocking chair
- To kill an albatross is to cause bad luck to the ship and all upon it
- Wearing an opal when it is not your birthstone is bad luck
- Smell dandelions, wet the bed
- To give someone a purse or wallet without money in it will bring that person bad luck
Infinitive or -ing?
Sometimes we need to decide whether to use a verb in its:
- -ing form (doing, singing)
- infinitive form (to do, to sing).
For example, only one of the following sentences is correct. Which one?
- I dislike working late. (???)
- I dislike to work late. (???)
When to use the infinitive
The infinitive form is used after certain verbs: – forget, help, learn, teach, train – choose, expect, hope, need, offer, want, would like – agree, encourage, pretend, promise – allow, can/can’t afford, decide, manage, mean, refuse
- I forgot to close the window.
- Mary needs to leave early.
- Why are they encouraged to learn English?
- We can’t afford to take a long holiday.
The infinitive form is always used after adjectives, for example: – disappointed, glad, happy, pleased, relieved, sad, surprised
- I was happy to help them.
- She will be delighted to see you.
This includes too + adjective:
- The water was too cold to swim in.
- Is your coffee too hot to drink?
The infinitive form is used after adjective + enough:
- He was strong enough to lift it.
- She is rich enough to buy two.
When to use -ing
The -ing form is used when the word is the subject of a sentence or clause:
- Swimming is good exercise.
- Doctors say that smoking is bad for you.
The -ing form is used after a preposition:
- I look forward to meeting you.
- They left without saying “Goodbye.”
The -ing form is used after certain verbs: – avoid, dislike, enjoy, finish, give up, mind/not mind, practise
- I dislike getting up early.
- Would you mind opening the window?
- It started to rain.
- It started raining