Category Archives: THE RAIN IN SPAIN … (PRONUNCIATION)

PRONUNCIATION

“GOING TO” or “GONNA”? (1B1)

gonna

LISTEN TO THIS SONG

 

HOW DO THEY PRONOUNCE “GOING TO”?

Many English learners pronounce each word clearly, to get the pronunciation perfect – but native English speakers don’t do this.

Natural spoken English contains reductions – sounds that change and disappear when spoken at normal speed. This sometimes makes spoken English hard for students to understand.

Doing English pronunciation practice with reductions will help you speak more naturally AND understand spoken English more easily.

Most native English speakers don’t pronounce “to” like the number “2.” Instead, we say it like this:

GOING TO –> “GONNA”

Remember that gonna is only used in speaking. We should never write gonna (with the possible exception of texting between friends).

LET´S PRACTISE!!

  • I’m gonna practice English every day. (Remind students that they will see it written as “I’m going to practice…” because gonna is only used in spoken English.)
  • Are you gonna go out tonight?
  • He’s gonna do his homework.
  • She’s gonna buy a new dress.
  • We’re gonna play our new video game.
  • Are they gonna go to Disneyland next year?

What are you “gonna” do  at Christmas ?   on New Year’s Eve?

PRACTISING THE PRONUNCIATION OF “-ED ENDINGS” (1B2)

As you know, the “-ed” endings of regular past tense verbs can be pronounced in three different ways: /t/, /d/ and /ɪd/, which is the one most students tend to overuse. Have a look here here for an overview of the rules.

captura-de-pantalla-2016-11-29-19-53-00

maxresdefault

captura-de-pantalla-2016-11-29-19-52-34captura-de-pantalla-2016-11-29-19-52-17

WATCH THIS VIDEO TO LISTEN TO SOME EXAMPLES:

 

Over the years, I have found that /t/ and /d/ are easier to notice and to produce if the verb comes immediately before a word beginning with a vowel sound:

liked it – /laɪktɪt/
dreamed of – /driːmdəv/

The video is suitable for late A2, B1 and B2 students, who will have learned the basic -ED rules, but may still struggle to produce the sounds accurately. The on-screen activities are all self-explanatory.

You will notice that the activities do not test whether students can choose between /t/ and /d/. The difference is barely audible in fast connected speech, and it rarely causes misunderstandings. Also, since most students tend to overuse /ɪd/ and avoid /t/ or /d/, the song excerpts focus on the latter, rather than the former.

THANKS TO: http://www.luizotaviobarros.com/2016/10/pronunciation-ed-endings.html

TRY THIS -ED ENDING GAME I MADE FOR MY A2 STUDENTS:

https://mcargobe.wordpress.com/2016/11/10/ed-endings-game-a2/

ENGLISH CONSONANTS (ALL LEVELS)

UPDATESPIN6

THIS CHART IS CORRECT!!

Consonant sounds NEF

CLICK ON THE WEBPAGE BELOW TO LISTEN AND PRACTISE:

CONSONANTS

MORE CONSONANTS

REMEMBER:

UNVOICED = “SORDO”

VOICED = SONORO 

TRY THE INTERACTIVE PHONEMIC CHART:

http://www.onestopenglish.com/upload/public/attachments/37/osephonemicchart.swf

NOWADAYS THERE ARE MANY APPS YOU CAN DOWNLOAD TO PRACTISE PRONUNCIATION:

SOUND FOUNDATIONS
unnamedmza_618407814846091445.466x466-75

ENGLISH FILE PRONUNCIATION
screen320x480maxresdefault

THIS IS A GOOD SITE TO WORK ON PRONUNCIATION (BBC Learning English)140924155826_bbcle_new_site-2

OR THE BRITISH COUNCIL

5035446243_73cda147ce

AND THE BRITISH COUNCIL APP

sounds-right_master-background_630x354

 

NOW YOU COULD PRACTICE WITH THIS LIST OF THE 100  MOST  COMMONLY MISPRONOUNCED WORDS IN ENGLISH: 100 mispronounced words

 

 

 

PRONUNCIATION 2: DIPHTHONGS (ALL LEVELS)

THESE ARE THE ENGLISH DIPHTHONGS:

CAN YOU THINK OF A WORD FOR EACH DIPHTHONG?

IF NOT, TRY THE INTERACTIVE CHART, BY CLICKING ON THE LINK.

IF YOU CAN´T WATCH THE VIDEO ABOVE TYPE IN “IPA DIPHTHONGS” ON YOU TUBE,OK?

WATCH THIS MINI-MOVIE TO PRACTISE THE DIPHTHONGS:

(http://www.cambridge.org/elt/resources/skills/interactive/pron_animations/index.htm

EXERCISE

FOR MORE DETAILED PRACTICE ON EACH DIPHTHONG YOU CAN WATCH THESE VIDEOS:

 

 

 

 

YOU CAN ALSO USE THIS MATERIAL:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningenglish/english/features/pronunciation

http://www.oup.com/elt/global/products/englishfile/intermediate/c_pronunciation/pronunciation02/

-ed ENDINGS GAME (A2)

PLAY THIS GAME BY CLICKING ON THE PICTURE

:LoEZWMAIjCG-BE3p0PpkvB9cjF5Of3sfgXsJ77N6AtM 2

Dustbin-review B1-L12-14-2

THE EXERCISE IS BASED ON THE VERBS THAT APPEARED IN YOUR BOOK (pages 54-55)

HAVE A GO AT IT AND GOOD LUCK!!

 

PRONUNCIATION OF -ED ENDINGS (A1) (A2)

THM09-PHOENIX-EE-UU-29-1-2015-_54425674357_54115221154_600_396-2

DO YOU KNOW THIS SINGER?

WHAT DO YOU THINK OF HER MUSIC?
LISTEN TO THIS SONG. WHAT SONG IS IT?


HOW DO YOU PRONOUNCE KISSED AND LIKED?

PRONUNCIATION 1: VOWELS (ALL LEVELS)

adrian hill´s chart

LOOK AT THIS CHART.

THESE ARE THE SOUNDS OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. AS YOU CAN SEE, THE CHART IS DIVIDED INTO THREE PARTS:  VOWELS,DIPHTHONGS AND CONSONANTS.

LET´S CONCENTRATE ON THE REVISION OF ENGLISH VOWELS.

CLICK ON THE LINK BELOW OR THE PICTURE ABOVE TO USE AN INTERACTIVE VERSION OF THE CHART:

http://www.onestopenglish.com/skills/pronunciation/phonemic-chart-and-app/interactive-phonemic-chart-british-english/

 

YOU CAN ALSO WATCH THIS VIDEO:

IF THE LINK DOESN´T WORK, TYPE IN  “IPA VOWELS”  ON YOU TUBE   AND YOU´LL BE ABLE TO WATCH THE VIDEO. OK?

THIS IS ALSO A USEFUL LINK  TO LISTEN TO THE VOWELS BELOW:

www.oup.com/elt/englishfile/beginner

EXTRA PRACTICE

NOWADAYS THERE ARE MANY APPS YOU CAN DOWNLOAD TO PRACTISE PRONUNCIATION:

  • SOUND FOUNDATIONS (there is a free version)

unnamedmza_618407814846091445.466x466-75

  • ENGLISH FILE PRONUNCIATION (you have to pay to download)

screen320x480maxresdefault

FOR INTERMEDIATE STUDENTS AND ABOVE, YOU CAN ALSO VISIT THIS WEBSITE:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/learningenglish/english/features/pronunciation/introduction

PRONUNCIATION OF THE FINAL “-S” (A2)

pronunciation-final-s-english

HAVE A LOOK AT THIS HANDOUT:

THIRD PERSON SINGULAR, PLURAL & OTHER -S ENDINGS (PRONUNCIATION

http://www.woodwardenglish.com/how-to-pronounce-final-s/

PRACTICE WITH SOUND

You can try theses esercises:

EXERCISE 1

EXERCISE 2

GAME 1

CLICK ON THE PICTURE TO PLAY THE GAME (verbs)

Dustbin-review B1-L12-14

GAME 2

CLICK ON THE PICTURE TO PLAY THE GAME (nouns)

Dustbin-review B1-L12-14

IMPROVING ENGLISH PRONUNCIATION (1B2) by EVA AGUADO

EVA SUGGESTED THIS POEM FOR YOU TO IMPROVE YOUR PRONUNCIATION BUT I BELIEVE IT  IS A BIT DISCOURAGING…. WHAT DO YOU THINK?

Dearest creature in creation,
Study English pronunciation.
I will teach you in my verse
Sounds like corpse, corps, horse, and worse.
I will keep you, Suzy, busy,
Make your head with heat grow dizzy.
Tear in eye, your dress will tear.
So shall I! Oh hear my prayer.
Just compare heart, beard, and heard,
Dies and diet, lord and word,
Sword and sward, retain and Britain.
(Mind the latter, how it’s written.)
Now I surely will not plague you
With such words as plaque and ague.
But be careful how you speak:
Say break and steak, but bleak and streak;
Cloven, oven, how and low,
Script, receipt, show, poem, and toe.
Hear me say, devoid of trickery,
Daughter, laughter, and Terpsichore,
Typhoid, measles, topsails, aisles,
Exiles, similes, and reviles;
Scholar, vicar, and cigar,
Solar, mica, war and far;
One, anemone, Balmoral,
Kitchen, lichen, laundry, laurel;
Gertrude, German, wind and mind,
Scene, Melpomene, mankind.
Billet does not rhyme with ballet,
Bouquet, wallet, mallet, chalet.
Blood and flood are not like food,
Nor is mould like should and would.
Viscous, viscount, load and broad,
Toward, to forward, to reward.
And your pronunciation’s OK
When you correctly say croquet,
Rounded, wounded, grieve and sieve,
Friend and fiend, alive and live.
Ivy, privy, famous; clamour
And enamour rhyme with hammer.
River, rival, tomb, bomb, comb,
Doll and roll and some and home.
Stranger does not rhyme with anger,
Neither does devour with clangour.
Souls but foul, haunt but aunt,
Font, front, wont, want, grand, and grant,
Shoes, goes, does. Now first say finger,
And then singer, ginger, linger,
Real, zeal, mauve, gauze, gouge and gauge,
Marriage, foliage, mirage, and age.
Query does not rhyme with very,
Nor does fury sound like bury.
Dost, lost, post and doth, cloth, loth.
Job, nob, bosom, transom, oath.
Though the differences seem little,
We say actual but victual.
Refer does not rhyme with deafer.
Fe0ffer does, and zephyr, heifer.
Mint, pint, senate and sedate;
Dull, bull, and George ate late.
Scenic, Arabic, Pacific,
Science, conscience, scientific.
Liberty, library, heave and heaven,
Rachel, ache, moustache, eleven.
We say hallowed, but allowed,
People, leopard, towed, but vowed.
Mark the differences, moreover,
Between mover, cover, clover;
Leeches, breeches, wise, precise,
Chalice, but police and lice;
Camel, constable, unstable,
Principle, disciple, label.
Petal, panel, and canal,
Wait, surprise, plait, promise, pal.
Worm and storm, chaise, chaos, chair,
Senator, spectator, mayor.
Tour, but our and succour, four.
Gas, alas, and Arkansas.
Sea, idea, Korea, area,
Psalm, Maria, but malaria.
Youth, south, southern, cleanse and clean.
Doctrine, turpentine, marine.
Compare alien with Italian,
Dandelion and battalion.
Sally with ally, yea, ye,
Eye, I, ay, aye, whey, and key.
Say aver, but ever, fever,
Neither, leisure, skein, deceiver.
Heron, granary, canary.
Crevice and device and aerie.
Face, but preface, not efface.
Phlegm, phlegmatic, ass, glass, bass.
Large, but target, gin, give, verging,
Ought, out, joust and scour, scourging.
Ear, but earn and wear and tear
Do not rhyme with here but ere.
Seven is right, but so is even,
Hyphen, roughen, nephew Stephen,
Monkey, donkey, Turk and jerk,
Ask, grasp, wasp, and cork and work.
Pronunciation (think of Psyche!)
Is a paling stout and spikey?
Won’t it make you lose your wits,
Writing groats and saying grits?
It’s a dark abyss or tunnel:
Strewn with stones, stowed, solace, gunwale,
Islington and Isle of Wight,
Housewife, verdict and indict.
Finally, which rhymes with enough,
Though, through, plough, or dough, or cough?
Hiccough has the sound of cup.
My advice is to give up!!!

Dearest creature in creation,
Study English pronunciation.
I will teach you in my verse
Sounds like corpse, corps, horse, and worse.
I will keep you, Suzy, busy,
Make your head with heat grow dizzy.
Tear in eye, your dress will tear.
So shall I! Oh hear my prayer.
Just compare heart, beard, and heard,
Dies and diet, lord and word,
Sword and sward, retain and Britain.
(Mind the latter, how it’s written.)
Now I surely will not plague you
With such words as plaque and ague.
But be careful how you speak:
Say break and steak, but bleak and streak;
Cloven, oven, how and low,
Script, receipt, show, poem, and toe.
Hear me say, devoid of trickery,
Daughter, laughter, and Terpsichore,
Typhoid, measles, topsails, aisles,
Exiles, similes, and reviles;
Scholar, vicar, and cigar,
Solar, mica, war and far;
One, anemone, Balmoral,
Kitchen, lichen, laundry, laurel;
Gertrude, German, wind and mind,
Scene, Melpomene, mankind.
Billet does not rhyme with ballet,
Bouquet, wallet, mallet, chalet.
Blood and flood are not like food,
Nor is mould like should and would.
Viscous, viscount, load and broad,
Toward, to forward, to reward.
And your pronunciation’s OK
When you correctly say croquet,
Rounded, wounded, grieve and sieve,
Friend and fiend, alive and live.
Ivy, privy, famous; clamour
And enamour rhyme with hammer.
River, rival, tomb, bomb, comb,
Doll and roll and some and home.
Stranger does not rhyme with anger,
Neither does devour with clangour.
Souls but foul, haunt but aunt,
Font, front, wont, want, grand, and grant,
Shoes, goes, does. Now first say finger,
And then singer, ginger, linger,
Real, zeal, mauve, gauze, gouge and gauge,
Marriage, foliage, mirage, and age.
Query does not rhyme with very,
Nor does fury sound like bury.
Dost, lost, post and doth, cloth, loth.
Job, nob, bosom, transom, oath.
Though the differences seem little,
We say actual but victual.
Refer does not rhyme with deafer.
Fe0ffer does, and zephyr, heifer.
Mint, pint, senate and sedate;
Dull, bull, and George ate late.
Scenic, Arabic, Pacific,
Science, conscience, scientific.
Liberty, library, heave and heaven,
Rachel, ache, moustache, eleven.
We say hallowed, but allowed,
People, leopard, towed, but vowed.
Mark the differences, moreover,
Between mover, cover, clover;
Leeches, breeches, wise, precise,
Chalice, but police and lice;
Camel, constable, unstable,
Principle, disciple, label.
Petal, panel, and canal,
Wait, surprise, plait, promise, pal.
Worm and storm, chaise, chaos, chair,
Senator, spectator, mayor.
Tour, but our and succour, four.
Gas, alas, and Arkansas.
Sea, idea, Korea, area,
Psalm, Maria, but malaria.
Youth, south, southern, cleanse and clean.
Doctrine, turpentine, marine.
Compare alien with Italian,
Dandelion and battalion.
Sally with ally, yea, ye,
Eye, I, ay, aye, whey, and key.
Say aver, but ever, fever,
Neither, leisure, skein, deceiver.
Heron, granary, canary.
Crevice and device and aerie.
Face, but preface, not efface.
Phlegm, phlegmatic, ass, glass, bass.
Large, but target, gin, give, verging,
Ought, out, joust and scour, scourging.
Ear, but earn and wear and tear
Do not rhyme with here but ere.
Seven is right, but so is even,
Hyphen, roughen, nephew Stephen,
Monkey, donkey, Turk and jerk,
Ask, grasp, wasp, and cork and work.
Pronunciation (think of Psyche!)
Is a paling stout and spikey?
Won’t it make you lose your wits,
Writing groats and saying grits?
It’s a dark abyss or tunnel:
Strewn with stones, stowed, solace, gunwale,
Islington and Isle of Wight,
Housewife, verdict and indict.
Finally, which rhymes with enough,
Though, through, plough, or dough, or cough?
Hiccough has the sound of cup.
My advice is to give up!!!

NEVER EVER GIVE UP!!

[ei] for TRAIN (LOW B2)

 

THIS IS THE SOUND PICTURE FOR THE DIPHTHONG [ei] IN WORDS SUCH AS “TRAIN“.

BY THE WAY, THERE´S A POPULAR BAND CALLED TRAIN. LISTEN TO THIS SONG.

WHAT´S THE NAME OF THE SONG?

COULD YOU GIVE ME EXAMPLES OF WORDS IN THE SONG CONTAINING DIPHTHONGS?

HAVE A LOOK AT THIS SCRIPT:

[ heɪ ]  [heɪ]  [ heɪ ]

Your lipstick [steɪnz] on the front  [ləʊb ] of my left  [saɪd ] [breɪnz ]

[aɪ] knew [aɪ] wouldn’t forget you, and [səʊ]  [aɪ] went and let you [bləʊ]  my [maɪnd]

Your sweet moon beam, the smell of you in every single dream [aɪ ] dream

[aɪ ]  knew when we [kəˈlaɪdɪd] , you’re the one [aɪ ] have [dɪˈsaɪdɪd] who’s one of [maɪ ]   [kaɪnd]

CHORUS

[ heɪ ]  [səʊl] sister, [eɪnt] that Mr. Mister on the [ˈreɪdɪəʊ], [ˈsterɪəʊ], the [weɪ] you move [eɪnt ] [feə ] , you [nəʊ]!

[ heɪ ]  [səʊl] sister, I [dəʊnt ] want to miss a single thing you do…[təˈnaɪt] 

[ heɪ ]  [heɪ]  [ heɪ ] 

Just in [taɪm ] , [aɪm]  [səʊ ] glad you have a one-track [maɪnd] [laɪk ] me

You  [geɪv ] [maɪ ]  [laɪf]  direction,

a [geɪm]  [ʃəʊ] love connection we can’t [dɪˈnaɪ]

[aɪm] [ səʊ]  obsessed,

[maɪ ] heart is [baʊnd] to beat [raɪt ] [aʊt ] [maɪ]untrimmed chest

[aɪ ]  believe in you,  [laɪk ] a virgin, you’re Madonna,

and [aɪm]  [ˈɔːlweɪz ] gonna wanna [bləʊ]   your [maɪnd]

CHORUS

The [weɪ ]  you can cut a rug, watching you’s the [əʊnli] drug I need

You’re [səʊ]  gangsta, I’m [səʊ]   thug, you’re the [əʊnli] one [aɪm]  dreaming of

You see, [aɪ] can be [maɪˈself ] [naʊ ] [ˈfaɪnəli] , in fact  [ðeəz] nothing I can’t be

I want the world to see you be with me

NOW YOU CAN WATCH THE VIDEO

Smart Up Your English

LEARN NEW WORDS, EXPRESSIONS, PHRASES...

Helendipity Weblog

learn English and share your experiences (SERENDIPITY= the accidental discovery of something pleasant and useful!)

Adrian Underhill's Pronunciation Site

Practical Discovery of English Pronunciation

Smart Up Your English

LEARN NEW WORDS, EXPRESSIONS, PHRASES...

Helendipity Weblog

learn English and share your experiences (SERENDIPITY= the accidental discovery of something pleasant and useful!)

Adrian Underhill's Pronunciation Site

Practical Discovery of English Pronunciation