Category Archives: THE RAIN IN SPAIN … (PRONUNCIATION)
LISTEN TO THIS SONG
HOW DO THEY PRONOUNCE “GOING TO”?
Many English learners pronounce each word clearly, to get the pronunciation perfect – but native English speakers don’t do this.
Natural spoken English contains reductions – sounds that change and disappear when spoken at normal speed. This sometimes makes spoken English hard for students to understand.
Doing English pronunciation practice with reductions will help you speak more naturally AND understand spoken English more easily.
Most native English speakers don’t pronounce “to” like the number “2.” Instead, we say it like this:
GOING TO –> “GONNA”
Remember that gonna is only used in speaking. We should never write gonna (with the possible exception of texting between friends).
- I’m gonna practice English every day. (Remind students that they will see it written as “I’m going to practice…” because gonna is only used in spoken English.)
- Are you gonna go out tonight?
- He’s gonna do his homework.
- She’s gonna buy a new dress.
- We’re gonna play our new video game.
- Are they gonna go to Disneyland next year?
What are you “gonna” do at Christmas ? on New Year’s Eve?
As you know, the “-ed” endings of regular past tense verbs can be pronounced in three different ways: /t/, /d/ and /ɪd/, which is the one most students tend to overuse. Have a look here here for an overview of the rules.
WATCH THIS VIDEO TO LISTEN TO SOME EXAMPLES:
Over the years, I have found that /t/ and /d/ are easier to notice and to produce if the verb comes immediately before a word beginning with a vowel sound:
liked it – /laɪktɪt/
dreamed of – /driːmdəv/
The video is suitable for late A2, B1 and B2 students, who will have learned the basic -ED rules, but may still struggle to produce the sounds accurately. The on-screen activities are all self-explanatory.
You will notice that the activities do not test whether students can choose between /t/ and /d/. The difference is barely audible in fast connected speech, and it rarely causes misunderstandings. Also, since most students tend to overuse /ɪd/ and avoid /t/ or /d/, the song excerpts focus on the latter, rather than the former.
THANKS TO: http://www.luizotaviobarros.com/2016/10/pronunciation-ed-endings.html
TRY THIS -ED ENDING GAME I MADE FOR MY A2 STUDENTS:
THIS IS THE CHART IN YOUR BOOK
CLICK ON THE WEBPAGE BELOW TO LISTEN AND PRACTISE:
UNVOICED = “SORDO”
VOICED = SONORO
YOU CAN ALSO TRY ADRIAN UNDERHILL´S INTERACTIVE PHONEMIC CHART:
CLICK ON THE PICTURE ABOVE AND YOU´LL BE ABLE TO HEAR THE SOUNDS.
NOWADAYS THERE ARE MANY APPS YOU CAN DOWNLOAD ON YOUR MOBILE / TABLET TO PRACTISE PRONUNCIATION:
THIS IS A GOOD SITE TO WORK ON PRONUNCIATION (BBC Learning English)
OR THE BRITISH COUNCIL
AND THE BRITISH COUNCIL APP
NOW YOU COULD PRACTICE WITH THIS LIST OF THE 100 MOST COMMONLY MISPRONOUNCED WORDS IN ENGLISH: 100 mispronounced words
THIS IS THE SOUND PICTURE FOR THE DIPHTHONG [ei] IN WORDS SUCH AS “TRAIN“.
BY THE WAY, THERE´S A POPULAR BAND CALLED TRAIN. LISTEN TO THIS SONG.
WHAT´S THE NAME OF THE SONG?
COULD YOU GIVE ME EXAMPLES OF WORDS IN THE SONG CONTAINING DIPHTHONGS?
HAVE A LOOK AT THIS SCRIPT:
[ heɪ ] [heɪ] [ heɪ ]
Your lipstick [steɪnz] on the front [ləʊb ] of my left [saɪd ] [breɪnz ]
[aɪ] knew [aɪ] wouldn’t forget you, and [səʊ] [aɪ] went and let you [bləʊ] my [maɪnd]
Your sweet moon beam, the smell of you in every single dream [aɪ ] dream
[aɪ ] knew when we [kəˈlaɪdɪd] , you’re the one [aɪ ] have [dɪˈsaɪdɪd] who’s one of [maɪ ] [kaɪnd]
[ heɪ ] [səʊl] sister, [eɪnt] that Mr. Mister on the [ˈreɪdɪəʊ], [ˈsterɪəʊ], the [weɪ] you move [eɪnt ] [feə ] , you [nəʊ]!
[ heɪ ] [səʊl] sister, I [dəʊnt ] want to miss a single thing you do...[təˈnaɪt]
[ heɪ ] [heɪ] [ heɪ ]
Just in [taɪm ] , [aɪm] [səʊ ] glad you have a one-track [maɪnd] [laɪk ] me
You [geɪv ] [maɪ ] [laɪf] direction,
a [geɪm] [ʃəʊ] love connection we can’t [dɪˈnaɪ]
[aɪm] [ səʊ] obsessed,
[maɪ ] heart is [baʊnd] to beat [raɪt ] [aʊt ] [maɪ] untrimmed chest
[aɪ ] believe in you, [laɪk ] a virgin, you’re Madonna,
and [aɪm] [ˈɔːlweɪz ] gonna wanna [bləʊ] your [maɪnd]
The [weɪ ] you can cut a rug, watching you’s the [əʊnli] drug I need
You’re [səʊ] gangsta, I’m [səʊ] thug, you’re the [əʊnli] one [aɪm] dreaming of
You see, [aɪ] can be [maɪˈself ] [naʊ ] [ˈfaɪnəli] , in fact [ðeəz] nothing I can’t be
I want the world to see you be with me
NOW YOU CAN WATCH THE VIDEO
CAN YOU THINK OF A WORD FOR EACH DIPHTHONG?
IF NOT, TRY THE INTERACTIVE CHART, BY CLICKING ON THE LINK.
IF YOU CAN´T WATCH THE VIDEO ABOVE TYPE IN “IPA DIPHTHONGS” ON YOU TUBE,OK?
WATCH THIS MINI-MOVIE TO PRACTISE THE DIPHTHONGS:
FOR MORE DETAILED PRACTICE ON EACH DIPHTHONG YOU CAN WATCH THESE VIDEOS:
YOU CAN ALSO USE THIS MATERIAL:
HAVE A LOOK AT THIS HANDOUT:
You can try theses esercises:
CLICK ON THE PICTURE TO PLAY THE GAME (verbs)
CLICK ON THE PICTURE TO PLAY THE GAME (nouns)
LISTEN TO PABLO IGLESIAS SPEAKING IN ENGLISH LAST WEEK. WHAT DO YOU THINK HIS PROBLEM IS?
LOOK AT THIS CHART.
THESE ARE THE SOUNDS OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE. AS YOU CAN SEE, THE CHART IS DIVIDED INTO THREE PARTS: VOWELS,DIPHTHONGS AND CONSONANTS.
LET´S CONCENTRATE ON THE REVISION OF ENGLISH VOWELS.
CLICK ON THE LINK BELOW OR THE PICTURE ABOVE TO USE AN INTERACTIVE VERSION OF THE CHART:
YOU CAN ALSO WATCH THIS VIDEO:
IF THE LINK DOESN´T WORK, TYPE IN “IPA VOWELS” ON YOU TUBE AND YOU´LL BE ABLE TO WATCH THE VIDEO. OK?
THIS IS ALSO A USEFUL LINK TO LISTEN TO THE VOWELS BELOW:
NOWADAYS THERE ARE MANY APPS YOU CAN DOWNLOAD TO PRACTISE PRONUNCIATION:
- SOUND FOUNDATIONS (there is a free version)
- ENGLISH FILE PRONUNCIATION (you have to pay to download)
FOR INTERMEDIATE STUDENTS AND ABOVE, YOU CAN ALSO VISIT THIS WEBSITE: